The Meaningful Use program was introduced by the U.S. government as part of the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, encouraging health care providers to implement and demonstrate Meaningful Use (MU) of certified Electronic Health Records (EHR). The HITECH Act, enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, was signed into law by the federal government on February 17, 2009. Under HITECH, eligible health care professionals and hospitals can qualify for Medicare and Medicaid incentive payments when they adopt certified EHR technology (CEHRT) and use it to achieve specific objectives.
Meaningful Use is the set of standards defined by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Incentive Programs that governs the use of electronic health records and compliance with the program. The goal of Meaningful Use is to promote the spread of electronic health records to improve health care in the United States.
CMS is dedicated to improving interoperability and patients’ access to health information. To better reflect this focus, CMS renamed the EHR Incentive Programs to the Promoting Interoperability (PI) Programs. Through this rulemaking, CMS is also streamlining the programs to reduce the time and cost required of providers to participate.
Medicare eligible hospitals, critical access hospitals (CAHs), and dual-eligible hospital will still report on Promoting Interoperability (PI) Program requirements in 2018.
PI in the Merit-based Incentive Payment System
Medicare EPs will attest to the PI performance category (formerly Advancing Care Information) under MIPS.
Certified Electronic Health Record Technology (CEHRT)
In order to efficiently capture and share patient data efficiently, health care providers need an electronic health record (EHR) that stores data in a structured format. Structured data allows health care providers to easily retrieve and transfer patient information, and use the EHR in ways that can aid patient care.